问题描述:

I want to create an array of 10 empty vectors in Rust, but [Vec::new(); 10] doesn't work as Vec doesn't implement Copy. How can I do this, and in more general terms how can I initialize a array by repeatedly calling a function?

网友答案:

This is really an interesting question.

The only safe solution that I can think of is a macro like this

I see two possible approaches

First

A simple solution using macro

macro_rules! array {
    ($v: expr; 1) => ([$v]);
    ($v: expr; 2) => ([$v, $v]);
    ($v: expr; 3) => ([$v, $v, $v]);
    ($v: expr; 4) => ([$v, $v, $v, $v]);
    ($v: expr; 5) => ([$v, $v, $v, $v, $v]);
    // until 32
}

let a = array![Vec::new(); 3];

It's a bit verbose, but even the standard lib use this kind of construct.

Second

After realizing a connection between this question and other that I had answered before, I wrote this solution using nodrop

extern crate nodrop;

macro_rules! array {
    ($e: expr; $n:expr) => (
        {
            use std::mem;
            use std::ptr;
            use nodrop::NoDrop;

            struct ArrayBuilder<T> {
                len: usize,
                data: *mut T,
            }

            impl<T> Drop for ArrayBuilder<T> {
                fn drop(&mut self) {
                    unsafe {
                        while self.len > 0 {
                            let offset = (self.len as isize) - 1;
                            self.len -= 1;
                            ptr::drop_in_place(self.data.offset(offset));
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            let mut v: NoDrop<[_; $n]> = NoDrop::new(unsafe {
                mem::uninitialized()
            });
            // helps type inference for v
            if false { v[0] = $e; }
            let mut builder = ArrayBuilder {
                len: 0,
                data: (&mut *v as *mut _) as *mut _
            };
            unsafe {
                for i in 0..$n {
                    ptr::write(builder.data.offset(i as isize), $e);
                    builder.len = i + 1;
                }
            }
            builder.len = 0;
            v.into_inner()
        }
    )
}

let a = array![Vec::new(); 3];

And a test that indicates that it does not leak memory

#[test]
fn test() {
    static mut COUNT: usize = 0;

    #[derive(Debug)]
    struct X(usize);

    impl Drop for X {
        fn drop(&mut self) {
            println!("drop {:?}", self.0);
        }
    }

    impl X {
        fn new() -> X {
            unsafe {
                if COUNT == 3 {
                    panic!();
                }
                let x = X(COUNT);
                COUNT += 1;
                x
            }
        }
    }

    array![X::new(); 6];
}

In this test, the method X::new panics when creating X(3), so X(0), X(1), X(2) must be dropped.

Others

There is an unsafe solution here.

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