问题描述:

I'm using Django forms. I'm validating in the model layer:

def clean_title(self):

title = self.cleaned_data['title']

if len(title) < 5:

raise forms.ValidationError("Headline must be more than 5 characters.")

return title

However, there are some things that I need to validate in the views.py . For example...was the last time the user posted something more than a minute ago?

That kind of stuff requires request.user, which the models layer cannot get. So, I must validate in the views.py. How do I do something in the views.py to do the exact thing as this?

raise forms.ValidationError("Headline must be more than 5 characters.")

网友答案:

I think gruszczy's answer is a good one, but if you're after generic validation involving variables that you think are only available in the view, here's an alternative: pass in the vars as arguments to the form and deal with them in the form's main clean() method.

The difference/advantage here is that your view stays simpler and all things related to the form content being acceptable happen in the form.

eg:

# IN YOUR VIEW 
# pass request.user as a keyword argument to the form
myform = MyForm(user=request.user)


# IN YOUR forms.py
# at the top:

from myapp.foo.bar import ok_to_post # some abstracted utility you write to rate-limit posting 

# and in your particular Form definition

class MyForm(forms.Form)

   ... your fields here ...

   def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
      self.user = kwargs.pop('user')  # cache the user object you pass in
      super(MyForm, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)  # and carry on to init the form


   def clean(self):
      # test the rate limit by passing in the cached user object

      if not ok_to_post(self.user):  # use your throttling utility here
          raise forms.ValidationError("You cannot post more than once every x minutes")

      return self.cleaned_data  # never forget this! ;o)

Note that raising a generic ValidationError in the clean() method will put the error into myform.non_field_errors so you'll have to make sure that your template contains {{form.non_field_errors}} if you're manually displaying your form

网友答案:

You don't use ValidationError in views, as those exceptions as for forms. Rather, you should redirect the user to some other url, that will explain to him, that he cannot post again that soon. This is the proper way to handle this stuff. ValidationError should be raised inside a Form instance, when input data doesn't validate. This is not the case.

网友答案:

You can use messages in views:

from django.contrib import messages

messages.error(request, "Error!")

Documentation: https://docs.djangoproject.com/es/1.9/ref/contrib/messages/

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