问题描述:

I have been researching on how to develop an application that can load plugins.

So far, I've seen that this can be done by defining an Interface, and have the plugins implement it.

However, my current issue is on how to load the plugins when they're packed in Jars. Is there a "best" way to do it?

The current logic I'm thinking of is to get each plugin and inside their Jar look for the class that implements the Interface. But I don't know how to do such lookup. I think that this logic may not be a good one, but I couldn't find any useful information on this specific topic.

**Edit1: **

Adding more information:

The intended plugins would be Jar files contained inside a subdirectory where the main application's Jar would be located, like this:

Application's folder


|- Main_Application.jar


|- Plugins


  |- Plugin1.jar


  |- Plugin2.jar


  |- Steve's_plugin.jar

And so on.

What I expect is that the Application will be able to load all plugins inside the folder at runtime. So in the code, it would only be aware that the plugin's folder should exist and there should be Jars inside such folder.

Let's say I have a plugin interface like this:

interface Plugin

{

public void run();

}

Plugins would be identified by a class that implements such interface, like so

class Plugin1 implements Plugin

{

//attributes and other methods

@override

public void run()

{

//something happens here

}

}

class Plugin2 implements Plugin

{

//attributes and other methods

@override

public void run()

{

//something happens here

}

}

The Application should be compiled only once, and be able to load any Plugins added to the folder when it is executed.

For the Application to be able to load any Plugin, do I need to establish rules on the contents of the Jar, like package name and the class that implements the interface? Or it is expected that the class implementing the plugin interface could be in any package within the Jar, and have any name?

This is the more generic approach to what I would like to do with such plugins. In short, I'm planning to build an Application that will have tabs, and each plugin will provide the Interface and Functionality of each tab. I'm trying this because I want to be able to maintain each tab separately, and don't want to recompile the whole application because of changes in only one component that don't affect the others at all.

网友答案:

Get the list of plugin jars:

File[] jars = new File("Plugins").listFiles();

Then, use the code from this answer about loading all classes from a JAR file, but run it once for each file in jars whose name ends in ".jar". At the bottom of the loop body, after

Class c = cl.loadClass(className);

continue with

if (Plugin.class.isAssignableFrom(c)) {
    Plugin plugin = (Plugin) c.newInstance();
    // And then, do something with the plugin here
}

I share @Mifeet's concerns about security - you might want to use a SecurityManager to limit what the plugin code is allowed to do.

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