问题描述:

I use TinyMCE to allow minimal formatting of text within my site. From the HTML that's produced, I'd like to convert it to plain text for e-mail. I've been using a class called html2text, but it's really lacking in UTF-8 support, among other things. I do, however, like that it maps certain HTML tags to plain text formatting — like putting underscores around text that previously had <i> tags in the HTML.

Does anyone use a similar approach to converting HTML to plain text in PHP? And if so: Do you recommend any third-party classes that I can use? Or how do you best tackle this issue?

网友答案:

Use html2text (GitHub; example HTML to text), licensed under the Eclipse Public License. It uses PHP's DOM methods to load from HTML, and then iterates over the resulting DOM to extract plain text. Usage:

$text = convert_html_to_text($html);

Although incomplete, it is open source and contributions are welcome.

Issues with other conversion scripts:

  • Since html2text (GPL) is not EPL-compatible.
  • lkessler's link (attribution) is incompatible with most open source licenses.
网友答案:

Converting from HTML to text using a DOMDocument is a viable solution. Consider HTML2Text, which requires PHP5:

  • http://www.howtocreate.co.uk/php/html2texthowto.html
  • http://www.howtocreate.co.uk/php/
  • http://www.howtocreate.co.uk/jslibs/termsOfUse.html

Regarding UTF-8, the write-up on the "howto" page states:

PHP's own support for unicode is quite poor, and it does not always handle utf-8 correctly. Although the html2text script uses unicode-safe methods (without needing the mbstring module), it cannot always cope with PHP's own handling of encodings. PHP does not really understand unicode or encodings like utf-8, and uses the base encoding of the system, which tends to be one of the ISO-8859 family. As a result, what may look to you like a valid character in your text editor, in either utf-8 or single-byte, may well be misinterpreted by PHP. So even though you think you are feeding a valid character into html2text, you may well not be.

The author provides several approaches to solving this and states that version 2 of HTML2Text (using DOMDocument) has UTF-8 support.

Note the restrictions for commercial use.

网友答案:

There's the trusty strip_tags function. It's not pretty though. It'll only sanitize. You could combine it with a string replace to get your fancy underscores.


<?php
// to strip all tags and wrap italics with underscore
strip_tags(str_replace(array("<i>", "</i>"), array("_", "_"), $text));

// to preserve anchors...
str_replace("|a", "<a", strip_tags(str_replace("<a", "|a", $text)));

?>
网友答案:

You can use lynx with -stdin and -dump options to achieve that:

<?php
$descriptorspec = array(
   0 => array("pipe", "r"),  // stdin is a pipe that the child will read from
   1 => array("pipe", "w"),  // stdout is a pipe that the child will write to
   2 => array("file", "/tmp/htmp2txt.log", "a") // stderr is a file to write to
);

$process = proc_open('lynx -stdin -dump 2>&1', $descriptorspec, $pipes, '/tmp', NULL);

if (is_resource($process)) {
    // $pipes now looks like this:
    // 0 => writeable handle connected to child stdin
    // 1 => readable handle connected to child stdout
    // Any error output will be appended to htmp2txt.log

    $stdin = $pipes[0];
    fwrite($stdin,  <<<'EOT'
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<head>
 <title>TEST</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1><span>Lorem Ipsum</span></h1>

<h4>"Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit..."</h4>
<h5>"There is no one who loves pain itself, who seeks after it and wants to have it, simply because it is pain..."</h5>
<p>
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Pellentesque et sapien ut erat porttitor suscipit id nec dui. Nam rhoncus mauris ac dui tristique bibendum. Aliquam molestie placerat gravida. Duis vitae tortor gravida libero semper cursus eu ut tortor. Nunc id orci orci. Suspendisse potenti. Phasellus vehicula leo sed erat rutrum sed blandit purus convallis.
</p>
<p>
Aliquam feugiat, neque a tempus rhoncus, neque dolor vulputate eros, non pellentesque elit lacus ut nunc. Pellentesque vel purus libero, ultrices condimentum lorem. Nam dictum faucibus mollis. Praesent adipiscing nunc sed dui ultricies molestie. Quisque facilisis purus quis felis molestie ut accumsan felis ultricies. Curabitur euismod est id est pretium accumsan. Praesent a mi in dolor feugiat vehicula quis at elit. Mauris lacus mauris, laoreet non molestie nec, adipiscing a nulla. Nullam rutrum, libero id pellentesque tempus, erat nibh ornare dolor, id accumsan est risus at leo. In convallis felis at eros condimentum adipiscing aliquam nisi faucibus. Integer arcu ligula, porttitor in fermentum vitae, lacinia nec dui.
</p>
</body>
</html>
EOT
    );
    fclose($stdin);

    echo stream_get_contents($pipes[1]);
    fclose($pipes[1]);

    // It is important that you close any pipes before calling
    // proc_close in order to avoid a deadlock
    $return_value = proc_close($process);

    echo "command returned $return_value\n";
}
网友答案:

You can test this function

function html2text($Document) {
    $Rules = array ('@<script[^>]*?>.*?</script>@si',
                    '@<[\/\!]*?[^<>]*?>@si',
                    '@([\r\n])[\s][email protected]',
                    '@&(quot|#34);@i',
                    '@&(amp|#38);@i',
                    '@&(lt|#60);@i',
                    '@&(gt|#62);@i',
                    '@&(nbsp|#160);@i',
                    '@&(iexcl|#161);@i',
                    '@&(cent|#162);@i',
                    '@&(pound|#163);@i',
                    '@&(copy|#169);@i',
                    '@&(reg|#174);@i',
                    '@&#(d+);@e'
             );
    $Replace = array ('',
                      '',
                      '',
                      '',
                      '&',
                      '<',
                      '>',
                      ' ',
                      chr(161),
                      chr(162),
                      chr(163),
                      chr(169),
                      chr(174),
                      'chr()'
                );
  return preg_replace($Rules, $Replace, $Document);
}
网友答案:

here is another solution:

$cleaner_input = trim(strip_tags($text));
网友答案:

Markdownify converts HTML to Markdown, a plain-text formatting system used on this very site.

网友答案:

I didn't find any of the existing solutions fitting - simple HTML emails to simple plain text files.

I've opened up this repository, hope it helps someone. MIT license, by the way :)

https://github.com/RobQuistNL/SimpleHtmlToText

Example:

$myHtml = '<b>This is HTML</b><h1>Header</h1><br/><br/>Newlines';
echo (new Parser())->parseString($myHtml);

returns:

**This is HTML**
### Header ###


Newlines
网友答案:

Markdownify worked wonderful for me! what have to be mentioned about it: it supports perfectly utf-8, what was the main reason why i was searching for another solution than html2text (what was mentioned earlier in this thread).

网友答案:

I have just found a PHP function "strip_tags()" and its working in my case.

I tried to convert the following HTML :

<p><span style="font-family: 'Verdana','sans-serif'; color: black; font-size: 7.5pt;">&nbsp;</span>Many  practitioners are optimistic that the eyeglass and contact lens  industry will recover from the recent economic storm. Did your practice  feel its affects?&nbsp; Statistics show revenue notably declined in 2008 and  2009. But interestingly enough, those that monitor these trends state  that despite the industry's lackluster performance during this time,  revenue has grown at an average annual rate&nbsp;of 2.2% over the last five  years, to $9.0 billion in 2010.&nbsp; So despite the downturn, how were we  able to manage growth as an industry?</p>

After applying strip_tags() function, I have got the following output :

&amp;nbsp;Many  practitioners are optimistic that the eyeglass and contact lens  industry will recover from the recent economic storm. Did your practice  feel its affects?&amp;nbsp; Statistics show revenue notably declined in 2008 and  2009. But interestingly enough, those that monitor these trends state  that despite the industry&#039;s lackluster performance during this time,  revenue has grown at an average annual rate&amp;nbsp;of 2.2% over the last five  years, to $9.0 billion in 2010.&amp;nbsp; So despite the downturn, how were we  able to manage growth as an industry?
网友答案:

I came around the same problem as the OP, and trying some solutions from the top answers above didn't prove to work for my scenarios. See why at the end.

Instead, I found this helpful script, to avoid confusion let's call it html2text_roundcube, available under GPL:

  • https://github.com/mtibben/html2text

It's actually an updated version of an already mentioned script - http://www.chuggnutt.com/html2text.php - updated by RoundCube mail.

Usage:

$h2t = new \Html2Text\Html2Text('Hello, &quot;<b>world</b>&quot;');
echo $h2t->getText(); // prints Hello, "WORLD"

Why html2text_roundcube proved better than the others:

  • Script http://www.chuggnutt.com/html2text.php didn't work out of the box for cases with special HTML codes/names (eg &auml;), or unpaired quotes (eg <p>25" Monitor</p>).

  • Script https://github.com/soundasleep/html2text had no option to hide or group the links at the end of the text, making a usual HTML page look bloated with links when in text-plain format; customizing the code for special treatment of how the transformation is done is not as straight forward as simply editing an array in html2text_roundcube.

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