问题描述:

If you are using Ajax.BeginForm() with multiple submit buttons similar to this:

// View.aspx

<% using (Ajax.BeginForm("Action", "Controller",

new AjaxOptions { UpdateTargetId = "MyControl", }))

{ %>

<span id="MyControl">

<% Html.RenderPartial("MyControl"); %>

</span>

<% } %>

//MyControl.ascx

<%@ Control Language="C#" Inherits="System.Web.Mvc.ViewUserControl" %>

<input name="prev" type="submit" value="prev" />

<input name="next" type="submit" value="next" />

//...

Everything is submitted to the controller fine but the params for the submit button that was clicked are absent from the Request. In otherwords Request["next"] and Request["prev"] are always null.

I looked in to the JavaScript in Microsoft.MvcAjax.js and it looks like the function Sys_Mvc_MvcHelpers$_serializeForm completely skips over the inputs that are of type 'submit'.

This doesn't seem logical at all. How else can you find out what button has been clicked?

It looks like a bug to me. Is there any logical reason to skip these form parameters?

网友答案:

UPDATE: 2009-11-21 I downloaded MVC Release 2 Preview 2 and looked to see if this problem was fixed. I did a quick test and found similar results to MVC Release 2 Preview 1. I don't believe it is fixed yet.

UPDATE: 2009-08-07 I downloaded MVC Release 2 Preview 1 and looked to see if this problem was fixed. I see a new function in the script MicrosoftMvcAjax.debug.js called _serializeSubmitButton and I see that when Ajax.BeginForm() renders the output there is a onclick event but when this event fires it generates an error "Microsoft JScript runtime error: 'Sys.Mvc.AsyncForm' is null or not an object".

In short it looks like a fix was attempted but it isn't working yet or I need to do something more. The bad news is if it isn't the later then Ajax Forms will be broken for everyone until the fix is complete.

UPDATE: 2009-05-07 I received feedback today from Microsoft confirming that this is a bug. They have logged the defect and said they hope to have it fixed in a future release.

For reference I'm leaving the details of my investigation that I submitted to Microsoft. Appologies for the long post but perhaps it will be useful for anyone trying to create a work around..

There are a couple problems in the Ajax support in MVC. To illustrate, consider the pattern illustrated in several examples on the web:

//===========
// View.aspx
//===========
<% using (Ajax.BeginForm("Action", "Controller", 
    new AjaxOptions { UpdateTargetId  = "MyControl", HttpMethod = "POST"}))
{ %>
    <span id="MyControl">
       <% Html.RenderPartial("MyControl"); %>
    </span>
<% } %>

//================
// MyControl.ascx
//================
<%@ Control Language="C#" Inherits="System.Web.Mvc.ViewUserControl" %>
<input name="startIndex" type="hidden" value="0" />
<%= Ajax.ActionLink("Prev", "PrevAction",
    new AjaxOptions() { UpdateTargetId="MyControl", HttpMethod="POST"}) %>
<%= Ajax.ActionLink("Next", "NextAction", 
    new AjaxOptions() { UpdateTargetId="MyControl", HttpMethod="POST"}) %>
//...

Expected:
It is just a list that can the user can page forward and back without updating the entire page.

Given this setup. I expect 2 links labeled "Prev" and "Next". Clicking on "Prev" should fire the PrevAction method in the controller as a post and the value in the hidden field named "startIndex" should be available in the request parameters. I expect similar results when clicking the Next link.

Actual:
The reality is that the request object contains NONE of the form parameters even though it shows that it came in as a POST.

In order to get any of the parameters using action link they must be explicitly supplied through the variation of ActionLink that includes parameters. When this is used the parameters become part of the URL of the link which defeats the purpose of having a POST.

So why is the javascript wrong?
I dug into the javascript code that is used to handle the submit for the example I posted with my question and I now better understand why it doesn't handle it. The reason appears to be related to the way they have wired up events and what I believe is a shortcoming in Internet Explorer.

The way it currently works is that the Ajax.BeginForm() helper class generates a form tag with an onsubmit() function to intercept the form submit event. When the user clicks on a submit button the onsubmit() function fires and recieves parameters, one of which is the event.

The MicrosoftMvcAjax scripts look at the event, bundle up the form properties that are supposed to be submitted and sends the request off to the server. The problem is that per WC3 standards only the successful controls are supposed to be posted. In the case of submit buttons this is the button that was actually clicked. Under internet explorer there is no way to determine which button actually caused the submit event to fire so the script just skips all submit buttons.

(In Firefox the event contains a property called "explictOriginalTarget" which points to the button that actually caused the event in the first place)

Whats the fix?
Microsoft should be fixing it. However if we need something sooner I believe the only option is to hack the MicrosoftMvcAjax scripts to wire up events differently. I have found that the form can be wired to a handle a mousedown event where the button clicked can be saved in a global variable where the onsubmit handler can insert it into the post parameters.

Here is some code that I was testing to illustrate this technique. I have confirmed it works in both IE8 and FireFox but I haven't tried to hack it into the MVC Ajax scripts yet... If I get more time. I may post the results here.

   <script type="text/javascript">
     var _clicked = "";
     function onSubmit(e) {
       var targ;
       if (!e) var e = window.event;
       if (e.target) targ = e.target;
       else if (e.srcElement) targ = e.srcElement;
       if (targ.nodeType == 3) //defeat Safari bug
           targ = targ.parentNode;
       alert("OnSubmit:" + _clicked + " was clicked.");
       return false;
     }
     function Click(e) {
       var targ;
       if (!e) var e = window.event;
       if (e.target) targ = e.target;
       else if (e.srcElement) targ = e.srcElement;
       if (targ.nodeType == 3) //defeat Safari bug
           targ = targ.parentNode;
       _clicked = targ.name;
       return true;
   }

   <form action="/Home/StandardForm" method="post" 
    onsubmit="onSubmit(event)" onmousedown="Click(event)">
      <input type="submit" name="StdPrev" value="StdPrev" />
      <input type="submit" name="StdNext" value="StdNext" />
   </form>
网友答案:

In order for your submit buttons to be "successfull" controls as per the specification, they must be defined within the form element:

http://www.w3.org/TR/html401/interact/forms.html#successful-controls

If you can't nest your submit buttons inside your form, you'll probably need to use javascript (or jquery) to submit your form and pass in an additional paramater to indicate which button was clicked.

网友答案:

I suppose this has been fixed in MVC 2 (or it was never broken). Just make sure your HTML markup validates. The following example should show it works.

Vote.aspx:

<%@ Page Language="C#" Inherits="System.Web.Mvc.ViewPage" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head runat="server">
    <title>Vote</title>
</head>
<body>

<%using (Ajax.BeginForm("Vote", "Voting", new AjaxOptions { UpdateTargetId = "message" }))
  { %>
    <%= Html.Hidden("itemId", "1")%>
    <p>I love ASP.NET MVC!</p>

    <input type="submit" name="voteValue" value="+" />
    <input type="submit" name="voteValue" value="-" />
<%} %>

<p id="message"><%= TempData["message"] %></p>


<script type="text/javascript" src="<%= Url.Content("~/Scripts/MicrosoftAjax.js")%>"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="<%= Url.Content("~/Scripts/MicrosoftMvcAjax.js")%>"></script>

</body>
</html>

VotingController.aspx:

using System.Web.Mvc;

namespace Examples.FormWithMultipleSubmitButtons.Controllers
{
    public class VotingController : Controller
    {
        public ViewResult Vote()
        {
            return View();
        }

        [HttpPost]
        public ActionResult Vote(int itemId, string voteValue)
        {
            switch(voteValue)
            {
                case "+":
                    TempData["message"] = "You voted up.";
                    break;
                case "-":
                    TempData["message"] = "You voted down.";
                    break;
                default:
                    TempData["message"] = "Your vote was not recognized.";
                    break;
            }

            if(Request.IsAjaxRequest())
            {
                return Content(TempData["message"].ToString());
            }
            else
            {
                return View();
            }
        }
    }
}

I had the same issue today (Oct 8, 2010) with my form with multiple submit buttons. The HTML didn't validate. I cleaned it up. It's still doesn't validate (but less error than the original) and now the value of clicked button is submitted.

网友答案:

A possible workaround could be to have each button in a seperate form routed to different actions on your controller. Not ideal but could work.

网友答案:

I did the following:

            <input id="btnSubmit" name="btnSubmit" type="hidden" value="" />
            <input type="submit" name="btnSubmit" value="Delete" id = "btnDelete"  onclick="$('#btnSubmit').attr('value','Delete');"/>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
            <input type="submit" name="btnSubmit" value="Save New" id = "btnSaveNew"  onclick="$('#btnSubmit').attr('value','Save New');"/>
            <input type="submit" name="btnSubmit" value="Save" id = "btnSave" onclick="$('#btnSubmit').attr('value','Save');"/>

i.e. defined a hidden input type with id of "btnSubmit" and on each button added the onclick event as onclick="$('#btnSubmit').attr('value','Delete');". this seems to work as I was able to get the value of the button clicked in the controller:

public ActionResult SaveCreateBlot(string btnSubmit) {

}

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