问题描述:

Bash can create a sparse array in one line

names=([0]="Bob" [1]="Peter" [20]="$USER" [21]="Big Bad John")

§ Creating Arrays

Can JavaScript create a sparse array like this?

网友答案:

Technically, JavaScript has a sparse array literal, but it's cumbersome.

var x = [8,,,,4,,,,6]

I don't think you would want to use that as you wouldn't want to count the commas between [1] and [20]. Using objects instead of arrays seems more natural for JavaScript in this case.

var names = {0: "Bob", 1: "Peter", 20: "$USER", 21: "Big Bad John"};

Whether you quote the integers or not, you get the same result -- they're converted to strings to be used as keys in the object (which is basically a hash). (Oh, and I'm not doing anything with your shell variable here.) The same is true for access with []. If you look up names[0] it is actually the same as names['0'] in this case.

However, if you want an actual array, a possible sparse-array-creation function is:

function sparseArray() {
    var array = [];
    for (var i = 0; i < arguments.length; i += 2) {
        var index = arguments[i];
        var value = arguments[i + 1];
        array[index] = value;
    }
    return array;
}
var names = sparseArray(0, "Bob", 1, "Peter", 20, "$USER", 21, "Big Bad John");

There's no error checking, so leaving off the final argument would set 21 -> undefined and giving a non-integer key will add it as an object property instead...

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