问题描述:

I have multiple arrays without column or row names, and I would like to combine them using something like `numpy.vstack()`

or `numpy.hstack()`

.

Column and row labels can be assigned can be done when creating a structured array, but hstack and vstack don't seem to have this functionality.

`import numpy as np`

a1 = np.array([1,2,3,4])

a2 = np.array([5,6,7,8])

a3 = np.vstack([a1,a2],dtype=[('RowName1','double'),('RowName2','double')])

yielding:

`TypeError: vstack() got an unexpected keyword argument 'dtype'`

Any suggestions?

`vstack`

doesn't work with structured arrays, but only with 'standard' numpy arrays that are contiguous in memory. The easiest way is for you to create an empty structured array and then fill it up with the rows that you want:

```
import numpy as np
a3 = np.empty(4, dtype=[('RowName1','double'),('RowName2','double')])
a3['RowName1'] = a1
a3['RowName2'] = a2
```

Something possible option is (since `recfunctions`

are pretty hidden):

```
from numpy.lib import recfunctions
a1 = np.array([1,2,3,4]).astype(('RowName1',float))
a2 = np.array([5,6,7,8]).astype(('RowName2',float))
recfunctions.merge_arrays((a1, a2))
```

Had this, but this has a few problems to be careful with, because of how reinterpretation of memory works with view, its better to just create a new recarray with the concatenated array.

you could just turn around the logic:

```
import numpy
a1 = np.array([1,2,3,4])
a2 = np.array([5,6,7,8])
# ok, not that beautiful. But if your arrays are the correct type to begin with
# you can skip that astype call. Using `np.c_[]` since it happens to concatenate right.
a3 = np.c_[v1,v2].astype(float).copy('C').view(dtype=[('RowName1',float),('RowName2',float)])
```

You might also consider looking at pandas. Pandas has a nice data frame data structure that might be good.

Of course, this requires you to add another dependency to your project. Luckily, if you are already using numpy then Pandas is pretty easy to get going.