问题描述:

I have created a sandbox git repository containing a few commits and a couple of tags, one lightweight and one annotated:

> mkdir one; cd one; git init

> touch a.txt; git add a.txt; git commit -m"a.txt"

> touch b.txt; git add b.txt; git commit -m"b.txt"

> git tag light

> touch c.txt; git add c.txt; git commit -m"c.txt"

> git tag -a annot -m"annot"

I now create a second repository and fetch from the first:

> mkdir two; cd two; git init

> git remote add one <...>/one

> git fetch one master

remote: Counting objects: 9, done.

remote: Compressing objects: 100% (7/7), done.

remote: Total 9 (delta 2), reused 0 (delta 0)

Unpacking objects: 100% (9/9), done.

From <...>/one

* branch master -> FETCH_HEAD

* [new branch] master -> one/master

Why have neither of the tags been fetched? I expected they would be, based on the documentation for git fetch:

By default, any tag that points into the histories being fetched is also fetched; the effect is to fetch tags that point at branches that you are interested in.

网友答案:

Updated with new interesting informational bits. I put this into a shell script for easy testing:

mkdir ttwo && cd ttwo && git init && git remote add one file://[path]

(and then I remove ttwo after running a test).

Hence each test below is run in the new empty ttwo. I am also using Git 2.10.1 here, but there should be no significant differences with 2.11 (while there are definitely significant differences compared with Git 1.7, which is still shipping with certain Linux distributions...).

First, let's git fetch with no refspecs:

$ git fetch one
remote: Counting objects: 8, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (6/6), done.
remote: Total 8 (delta 1), reused 0 (delta 0)
Unpacking objects: 100% (8/8), done.
From file://[path]
 * [new branch]      master     -> one/master
 * [new tag]         annot      -> annot
 * [new tag]         light      -> light

This is with Git version 2.10.1, with both repositories on the same machine, and using either file:///home/... or /home/.... Both fetches (rm -rf texp2 in between as needed) picked up both tags.

Now let's run it with the single refspec master. From here on I'll leave out the remote: through From: stuff, just show what branches and/or tags get updated:

$ git fetch one master
[snip]
 * branch            master     -> FETCH_HEAD
 * [new branch]      master     -> one/master

Here's what happens if we use master:master, which requires adding --update-head-ok:

$ git fetch one --update-head-ok master:master
 * [new branch]      master     -> master
 * [new tag]         annot      -> annot
 * [new branch]      master     -> one/master
 * [new tag]         light      -> light

Aha, now we get tags!

Here's what happens if we fetch master but write it to refs/remotes/origin/master:

$ git fetch one master:refs/remotes/origin/master
 * [new branch]      master     -> origin/master
 * [new tag]         annot      -> annot
 * [new branch]      master     -> one/master
 * [new tag]         light      -> light

There is a pattern emerging: we have to write to some local ref(s)

Let's fetch master to x and light to dark (I tried foo to bar but that doesn't work because foo does not exist in repo one):

$ git fetch one master:x light:dark
 * [new branch]      master     -> x
 * [new tag]         light      -> dark
 * [new tag]         annot      -> annot
 * [new tag]         light      -> light
 * [new branch]      master     -> one/master

Now let's fetch master to nothing, which we know fails standalone, but fetch light to dark:

$ git fetch one master light:dark
 * branch            master     -> FETCH_HEAD
 * [new tag]         light      -> dark
 * [new tag]         annot      -> annot
 * [new tag]         light      -> light
 * [new branch]      master     -> one/master

And one last test:

$ git fetch one master light
 * branch            master     -> FETCH_HEAD
 * tag               light      -> FETCH_HEAD
 * [new branch]      master     -> one/master

This did not write to our tags, only to FETCH_HEAD, plus the usual opportunistic remote-tracking branch update.

The bottom line appears to be that, when giving explicit refspecs, we must write at least one local ref. Fetching with no refspecs works, because that uses the default refspecs in the config file plus the default tags. Fetching with some refspec(s) that write to a local ref works. Fetching with some refspec(s) that only write to FETCH_HEAD fails. This seems like a bug, but it's not clear what the intent of the code in Git is, and Git's tag update code is horribly twisty.

网友答案:

Tags are only locals by default, if you want to share your tags you need to push them explicitly.

By default, the git push command doesn’t transfer tags to remote servers. You will have to explicitly push tags to a shared server after you have created them. This process is just like sharing remote branches – you can run git push origin [tagname].

source

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