问题描述:

Let the following vectors:

x <- c(123456789123456789, 987654321987654321)

y <- as.character(x)

I'm trying to export y into a csv file for later conversion into XLSX (don't ask, client requested), like so:

 write.csv(y, file = 'y.csv', row.names = F)

If I open y.csv in a pure word processor, I can see it has correctly inserted quotes around the elements, but when I open it in Excel the program insists in converting the column into numbers and showing the contents in scientific format. This requires the extra step of reformatting the column, which can be a real time-waster when one works with lots of files.

How can I format a character vector of 20-digit numbers in R so that Excel doesn't display them in scientific notation?

网友答案:

Instead of opening the csv file via File->Open, you can go to Data->From Text in Excel and on the last step specify the Column data format to be Text.

Not really sure though that you save any time by doing this, you can also consider using the WriteXLS (or some other direct to xls) package.


edit

Here's a much better way of forcing Excel to read as text:

write.csv(paste0('"=""', y, '"""'), 'y.csv', row.names = F, quote = F)
网友答案:

In Excel, select the column of numbers, and format them as text. (Format Cells -> Number tab -> Text in the list on the left)

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