问题描述:

Is it possible to see which constructor was the generic one?

internal class Foo<T>

{

public Foo( T value ) {}

public Foo( string value ) {}

}

var constructors = typeof( Foo<string> ).GetConstructors();

The property 'ContainsGenericParameters' returns me for both constructors false. Is there any way to find out that constructors[0] is the generic one? They both have the same signature, but I would like to call the "real" string one.

EDIT:

I want to invoke the given type using

ilGen.Emit( OpCodes.Newobj, constructorInfo );

so I need to work with the bound version. But I would like to invoke the "best" constructor. That should be the standard behaviour. When I call

new Foo<string>()

the constructor with the string-signature (and not the one with the generic signature) is called. The same should happen with my code.

网友答案:

You want System.Reflection.ParameterInfo.ParameterType.IsGenericParameter. Here's a VS2008 unit test that passes that illustrates this:

Class:

public class Foo<T>
{
    public Foo(T val)
    {
        this.Value = val.ToString();
    }
    public Foo(string val)
    {
        this.Value = "--" + val + "--";
    }

    public string Value { get; set; }
}

Test method:

Foo<string> f = new Foo<string>("hello");
Assert.AreEqual("--hello--", f.Value);

Foo<int> g = new Foo<int>(10);
Assert.AreEqual("10", g.Value);

Type t = typeof(Foo<string>);
t = t.GetGenericTypeDefinition();

Assert.AreEqual(2, t.GetConstructors().Length);

System.Reflection.ConstructorInfo c = t.GetConstructors()[0];
System.Reflection.ParameterInfo[] parms = c.GetParameters();
Assert.AreEqual(1, parms.Length);
Assert.IsTrue(parms[0].ParameterType.IsGenericParameter);

c = t.GetConstructors()[1];
parms = c.GetParameters();
Assert.AreEqual(1, parms.Length);
Assert.IsFalse(parms[0].ParameterType.IsGenericParameter);

The notable point here is the parms[0].ParameterType.IsGenericParameter check which checks if the parameter is a generic or not.

Once you've found your constructor then you've got the ConstructorInfo to pass to Emit.

public System.Reflection.ConstructorInfo FindStringConstructor(Type t)
{
    Type t2 = t.GetGenericTypeDefinition();

    System.Reflection.ConstructorInfo[] cs = t2.GetConstructors();
    for (int i = 0; i < cs.Length; i++)
    {
        if (cs[i].GetParameters()[0].ParameterType == typeof(string))
        {
            return t.GetConstructors()[i];
        }
    }

    return null;
}

Not exactly sure what your intention is though.

网友答案:

Slight clarification. Neither of the constructors are generic methods. They are normal methods on a generic class. For a method to be "generic" it must have a generic parameter . So doing a test like "IsGenericMethod" will return false.

It's also not easy to simply look at the parameters and determine if they are generic. For the sample you gave it's possible to walk the arguments and look for a generic parameter. But also consider the following code

public Foo(IEnumerable<T> p1) ...
public Foo(IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<string,Func<T>>> p1) ...

You'll need to take items like this into account.

EDIT

The reason you're seeing all arguments as string is because you explicitly bound the type Foo before getting the constructors. Try switching your code to the following which uses an unbound Foo and hence will return generic parameters in the methods.

var constructors = typeof( Foo<> ).GetConstructors();
网友答案:

You could check the Type.GetGenericArguments result type(s), and compare that to the constructor parameter type.

Just call the one with a type that is not the same (type != typeof(T)).

网友答案:

Can you explain a bit more what you're trying to accomplish, when you say you want to call the concrete constructor? I'm just curious if there's another way to solve your issue without having to detect whether the constructor contains generic parameters.

I'm thinking chaining constructors or building logic into the generic one to behave a certain way if the parameter passed in is a string, such as:

    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(new Foo<string>("myValue").IsValueAString);
        Console.WriteLine(new Foo<int>(1).IsValueAString);
        Console.ReadLine();
    }

    public class Foo<T>
    {
        public bool IsValueAString = false;
        public Foo(T value) {
            if (value is string)
            {
                IsValueAString = true;
            }
        }
    }

Another option would be to create a concrete implementation of Foo, something like:

internal class Foo<T>
{
    ...
}
internal class MyFoo : Foo<string>
{
    ...
}

and embed any specific logic in the constructor of the descendant. All kinds of options down this path are possible so you can avoid having to reflect the info out of that one class.

相关阅读:
Top