In this exercise we had to count digits in a file.The algorightm
We need to go over the file line-by-line. For each line then we need to go over it character-by-character. If it is a digit, we need to increment the appropriate counter. We could use 10 different variables (c0, c1, ... c9) to count the number of occurances of the respective digits, but there is a much more comfortable solution usingarrays. Specifically we use an array called countwith 10 elements in it. In countwe will count the number 0s, in countwe will count the number of 1s, ... up till countin which we will count the number of 9s.The solution in Ruby
In this solution written inRuby, we start by getting the name of the file to be process on the command line.
At first we check ifARGV has the right number of arguments. If not we print an error message and exit.
Then we declare the countarray.
Get the name of the file from the first element of the ARGVarray containing the values from the command line andopen it for reading and iterate over it using each.
In each iteration linewill contain a single line. We need to go over it character-by-character. There are a number of ways to do this. In this solution I've decided to split the string into individual characters and then to iterate over the characters.
Using thesplit method with an empty string we cut up the string at every place where the empty string matches. Meaning we split up the string between any two charctes. The result is a list of charcters assigned to the charsarray.
Then we iterate over the elements of this array. In each iteration cis a single character from the source file. Based on our assumption, it is either a digit (0-9) or space.
If it is not a space if c != ' ' thenwe would like to increment the appropriate counter.
If this is our first encounter with the particular digit we need to initialize the array element that will count that digit.if not count[c.to_i] then count[c.to_i] = 0end
Then in every case we increment it by one using the following expression:count[c.to_i] += 1
At the end of the loop we have counted all the digits. We need to display the results.
For that we iterate over all the numbers between 0 and 9 and print out the number, and the counter of that number.We could have printed the content of count[i]conditional operator.
examples/ruby/count_digits.rbif ARGV.length < 1puts "Missing filename from the command line"exit;endcount = filename = ARGVfh = open filenamefh.each do |line|chars = line.split('')chars.each do |c|if c != ' ' thenif not count[c.to_i] thencount[c.to_i] = 0endcount[c.to_i] += 1endendend(0..9).each do |i|print i, '', ( count[i] ? count[i] : 0), "/n"end