WPF实现childwindow

来源:互联网 时间:1970-01-01

1.问题:最近手上有个项目,需要用到wpf, wpf没有silverlight的childwindow, 这样弹窗口不是很方便

2.解决办法:整合了一下网上意见,得到解决办法如下:

public static  class ChildWindowBehaviorRegist

    {        public static void Show(this FrameworkElement control)
        {
            Grid grid = GetRootGrid(control );
            RootAndMask ram = GetRootAndMask(control);

            if (grid != null && ram !=null )
            {
                DoubleAnimation opacityAnimation = new DoubleAnimation(0.5, new Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(0.5)));

                Storyboard opacityBoard = new Storyboard();
                opacityBoard.Children.Add(opacityAnimation);

                Storyboard.SetTarget(opacityAnimation,  ram.MaskRectangle );
                Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(opacityAnimation, new PropertyPath("(Opacity)"));

                opacityBoard.Completed += delegate
                {
                    ScaleTransform scaleTransform = new ScaleTransform(0.0, 0.0, control.Width / 2.0, control.Height / 2.0);
                    control.RenderTransform = scaleTransform;

                    grid.Children.Add(control);

                    Storyboard scaleBoard = new Storyboard();

                    DoubleAnimation scaleXAnimation = new DoubleAnimation(1.0, TimeSpan.FromSeconds(0.5));

                    scaleBoard.Children.Add(scaleXAnimation);

                    Storyboard.SetTarget(scaleXAnimation, control);
                    Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(scaleXAnimation, new PropertyPath("(UIElement.RenderTransform).(ScaleTransform.ScaleX)"));

                    DoubleAnimation scaleYAnimation = new DoubleAnimation(1.0, TimeSpan.FromSeconds(0.5));

                    scaleBoard.Children.Add(scaleYAnimation);

                    Storyboard.SetTarget(scaleYAnimation, control);
                    Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(scaleYAnimation, new PropertyPath("(UIElement.RenderTransform).(ScaleTransform.ScaleY)"));

                    scaleBoard.Begin();
                };

                opacityBoard.Begin();

                grid.Children.Add(ram.MaskRectangle);
            }
        }

        public static void Close(this FrameworkElement control)
        {
            Grid grid = GetRootGrid(control );
            RootAndMask ram = GetRootAndMask(control);
            if (grid != null)
            {
                ScaleTransform scaleTransform = new ScaleTransform(1.0, 1.0, control.Width / 2.0, control.Height / 2.0);
                control.RenderTransform = scaleTransform;

                Storyboard scaleBoard = new Storyboard();

                DoubleAnimation scaleXAnimation = new DoubleAnimation(0.0, TimeSpan.FromSeconds(0.5));

                scaleBoard.Children.Add(scaleXAnimation);

                Storyboard.SetTarget(scaleXAnimation, control);
                Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(scaleXAnimation, new PropertyPath("(UIElement.RenderTransform).(ScaleTransform.ScaleX)"));

                DoubleAnimation scaleYAnimation = new DoubleAnimation(0.0, TimeSpan.FromSeconds(0.5));

                scaleBoard.Children.Add(scaleYAnimation);

                Storyboard.SetTarget(scaleYAnimation, control);
                Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(scaleYAnimation, new PropertyPath("(UIElement.RenderTransform).(ScaleTransform.ScaleY)"));

                scaleBoard.Completed += delegate
                {
                    DoubleAnimation opacityAnimation = new DoubleAnimation(0.5, 0.0, new Duration(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(0.5)));

                    Storyboard opacityBoard = new Storyboard();
                    opacityBoard.Children.Add(opacityAnimation);

                    Storyboard.SetTarget(opacityAnimation, ram.MaskRectangle);
                    Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(opacityAnimation, new PropertyPath("(Opacity)"));

                    opacityBoard.Completed += delegate
                    {
                        grid.Children.Remove(ram.MaskRectangle);
                        grid.Children.Remove(control);
                    };

                    opacityBoard.Begin();
                };

                scaleBoard.Begin();
            }
        }

        static RootAndMask GetRootAndMask(FrameworkElement control)
        {
            if (control == null || control.Tag == null || !(control.Tag is RootAndMask))
                return null;
            return  control.Tag as RootAndMask;
        }

        static Grid GetRootGrid(FrameworkElement control)
        { 
            RootAndMask ram = GetRootAndMask(control);
            FrameworkElement root = ram.Root ;

            while (root is FrameworkElement && root.Parent != null)
            {
                FrameworkElement rootElement = root as FrameworkElement;

                if (rootElement.Parent is FrameworkElement)
                {
                    root = rootElement.Parent as FrameworkElement;
                }
            }
            ContentControl contentControl = root as ContentControl;
            return contentControl.Content as Grid;
        }
    }

    public class RootAndMask
    {
        public FrameworkElement Root { get; set; }
        public Rectangle MaskRectangle = new Rectangle { Fill = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.DarkGray), Opacity = 0.0 };
        public RootAndMask(FrameworkElement root)
        {
            this.Root = root;
        }
    }
 

3.调用:使用很简单,

编写一个user control

Login{.....},

 public MainWindow()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
            user = new User();
            client = new ChatClient(new InstanceContext(this ));
            Login login = new Login(user ,client);
            login.Tag = new RootAndMask(this);
            login.Show();
        }

4.利弊:

4.1 利:范围广, 只要是继承自FrameworkElement 的,你都可以像childwindow一样使用

4.2 弊: main page 需要 额外添加一个grid1,用grid2布局。tag被占用了。

本文来自mjg的博客,原文地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/mjgb/archive/2011/07/01/2095272.html


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