WPF Combobox样式

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<ControlTemplate x:Key="ComboBoxToggleButton" TargetType="{x:Type ToggleButton}"> <Grid x:Name="grid"> <Grid.ColumnDefinitions> <ColumnDefinition /> <ColumnDefinition Width="20" /> </Grid.ColumnDefinitions> <Rectangle Grid.ColumnSpan="2" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" x:Name="Rectangle" VerticalAlignment="Stretch" Width="Auto" Height="Auto" RadiusX="3" RadiusY="3" Fill="LightBlue" /> <!--Combobox控件外壳--> <Rectangle Grid.Column="0" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalAlignment="Stretch" Width="Auto" Height="Auto" RadiusX="3" RadiusY="3" Fill="Gray" /> <!--除开下拉按钮的其他部分--> <Border Margin="2,2,2,2" Grid.Column="1" Background="Red" Width="Auto" CornerRadius="3,3,3,3" x:Name="drop_border" /> <Path Grid.Column="1" HorizontalAlignment="Center" Width="Auto" x:Name="Arrow" VerticalAlignment="Center" Fill="{x:Null}" Data="M0.5,0.5 L3,6.5 5.5,0.5" Stroke="Black" Margin="5,0,5,0" Height="7" StrokeThickness="2" Stretch="Fill" /> <!--Border 和 Path为下拉按钮--> </Grid> <ControlTemplate.Triggers> <Trigger Property="IsMouseOver" Value="true"> <Setter TargetName="drop_border" Property="Background" Value="White" /> </Trigger> </ControlTemplate.Triggers> </ControlTemplate> <ControlTemplate x:Key="ComboBoxTextBox" TargetType="{x:Type TextBox}"> <Border x:Name="PART_ContentHost" Focusable="False" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" /> </ControlTemplate> <Style TargetType="{x:Type ComboBox}"> <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="true" /> <Setter Property="Template"> <Setter.Value> <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ComboBox}"> <Border BorderBrush="Orange" x:Name="border"> <Grid x:Name="grid"> <ToggleButton Template="{StaticResource ComboBoxToggleButton}" x:Name="ToggleButton" Focusable="false" IsChecked="{Binding Path=IsDropDownOpen, Mode=TwoWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ClickMode="Press" /> <ContentPresenter HorizontalAlignment="Left" x:Name="ContentSite" VerticalAlignment="Center" Content="{TemplateBinding SelectionBoxItem}" ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding SelectionBoxItemTemplate}" ContentTemplateSelector="{TemplateBinding ItemTemplateSelector}" IsHitTestVisible="False" /> <TextBox Visibility="Hidden" Margin="2,2,22,2" x:Name="PART_EditableTextBox" Style="{x:Null}" VerticalAlignment="Center" Focusable="True" IsReadOnly="{TemplateBinding IsReadOnly}" Foreground="Black" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" Background="Azure" /> <!--文本输入框,当IsEditable为true 才显示--> <Popup IsOpen="{TemplateBinding IsDropDownOpen}" Placement="Bottom" x:Name="Popup" Focusable="False" AllowsTransparency="True" PopupAnimation="Slide"> <Grid MaxHeight="{TemplateBinding MaxDropDownHeight}" MinWidth="{TemplateBinding ActualWidth}" x:Name="DropDown" SnapsToDevicePixels="True"> <Border x:Name="DropDownBorder" Background="WhiteSmoke" CornerRadius="3,3,3,3" /> <ScrollViewer Margin="4,6,4,6" SnapsToDevicePixels="True" HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" CanContentScroll="True" Foreground="{StaticResource {x:Static SystemColors.ActiveCaptionTextBrushKey}}"> <StackPanel IsItemsHost="True" KeyboardNavigation.DirectionalNavigation="Contained" /> </ScrollViewer> </Grid> </Popup> </Grid> </Border> <ControlTemplate.Triggers> <Trigger Property="HasItems" Value="false"> <Setter Property="MinHeight" Value="95" TargetName="DropDownBorder" /> </Trigger> <Trigger Property="IsGrouping" Value="true"> <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll" Value="false" /> </Trigger> <Trigger Property="AllowsTransparency" SourceName="Popup" Value="true"> <Setter Property="Margin" Value="0,2,0,0" TargetName="DropDownBorder" /> </Trigger> <Trigger Property="IsEditable" Value="true"> <Setter Property="IsTabStop" Value="false" /> <Setter Property="Visibility" Value="Visible" TargetName="PART_EditableTextBox" /> <Setter Property="Visibility" Value="Hidden" TargetName="ContentSite" /> </Trigger> </ControlTemplate.Triggers> </ControlTemplate> </Setter.Value> </Setter> </Style>

一直没搞懂Combobox具体是怎么设计的,今天抽空研究了一下,终于看懂了,主要有3个控件组成,ToggleButton,TextBox 和Popup, 

ToggleButton:整个控件是由ToggleButton铺满的HorizontalAlignment="Stretch",ToggleButton里面由一个Rectangle铺满,设置Combobox的圆角,边框及背景颜色,然后宽度20px的Border,path 为下拉按钮样式, 点击combobox下拉按钮实际是点击ToggleButton

 

TextBox :当IsEditable为True,会把Textbox 显示出来,Textbox是覆盖在ToggleButton之上的, 注意应设置HorizontalAlignment="Stretch",这样才会把Textbox铺满,网上很多设置的是Left,很不好选中TextBox,其次还应设置Margin="2,2,22,2",距右边22px,这样才不能遮挡出下拉按钮

Popup:用于显示ComboboxItem

 

<ControlTemplate x:Key="ComboBoxToggleButton" TargetType="{x:Type ToggleButton}">            <Grid x:Name="grid">                <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>                    <ColumnDefinition />                    <ColumnDefinition Width="20" />                </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>                <Rectangle Grid.ColumnSpan="2" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" x:Name="Rectangle" VerticalAlignment="Stretch" Width="Auto" Height="Auto" RadiusX="3" RadiusY="3" Fill="LightBlue" /> <!--Combobox控件外壳-->                <Rectangle Grid.Column="0" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalAlignment="Stretch" Width="Auto" Height="Auto" RadiusX="3" RadiusY="3" Fill="Gray" /> <!--除开下拉按钮的其他部分-->                <Border Margin="2,2,2,2" Grid.Column="1" Background="Red" Width="Auto" CornerRadius="3,3,3,3" x:Name="drop_border" />                <Path Grid.Column="1" HorizontalAlignment="Center" Width="Auto" x:Name="Arrow" VerticalAlignment="Center" Fill="{x:Null}" Data="M0.5,0.5 L3,6.5 5.5,0.5" Stroke="Black" Margin="5,0,5,0" Height="7" StrokeThickness="2" Stretch="Fill" /> <!--Border 和 Path为下拉按钮-->            </Grid>            <ControlTemplate.Triggers>                <Trigger Property="IsMouseOver" Value="true">                    <Setter TargetName="drop_border" Property="Background" Value="White" />                </Trigger>            </ControlTemplate.Triggers>        </ControlTemplate>
        <ControlTemplate x:Key="ComboBoxTextBox" TargetType="{x:Type TextBox}">            <Border x:Name="PART_ContentHost" Focusable="False" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" />        </ControlTemplate>        <Style TargetType="{x:Type ComboBox}">            <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels" Value="true" />            <Setter Property="Template">                <Setter.Value>                    <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ComboBox}">                        <Border BorderBrush="Orange" x:Name="border">                            <Grid x:Name="grid">                                <ToggleButton Template="{StaticResource ComboBoxToggleButton}" x:Name="ToggleButton" Focusable="false" IsChecked="{Binding Path=IsDropDownOpen, Mode=TwoWay, RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}" ClickMode="Press" />                                <ContentPresenter HorizontalAlignment="Left" x:Name="ContentSite" VerticalAlignment="Center" Content="{TemplateBinding SelectionBoxItem}" ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding SelectionBoxItemTemplate}" ContentTemplateSelector="{TemplateBinding ItemTemplateSelector}" IsHitTestVisible="False" />                                <TextBox Visibility="Hidden" Margin="2,2,22,2" x:Name="PART_EditableTextBox" Style="{x:Null}" VerticalAlignment="Center" Focusable="True" IsReadOnly="{TemplateBinding IsReadOnly}" Foreground="Black" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" Background="Azure" /> <!--文本输入框,当IsEditable为true 才显示-->                                <Popup IsOpen="{TemplateBinding IsDropDownOpen}" Placement="Bottom" x:Name="Popup" Focusable="False" AllowsTransparency="True" PopupAnimation="Slide">                                    <Grid MaxHeight="{TemplateBinding MaxDropDownHeight}" MinWidth="{TemplateBinding ActualWidth}" x:Name="DropDown" SnapsToDevicePixels="True">                                        <Border x:Name="DropDownBorder" Background="WhiteSmoke" CornerRadius="3,3,3,3" />                                        <ScrollViewer Margin="4,6,4,6" SnapsToDevicePixels="True" HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Auto" CanContentScroll="True" Foreground="{StaticResource {x:Static SystemColors.ActiveCaptionTextBrushKey}}">                                            <StackPanel IsItemsHost="True" KeyboardNavigation.DirectionalNavigation="Contained" />                                        </ScrollViewer>                                    </Grid>                                </Popup>                            </Grid>                        </Border>                        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>                            <Trigger Property="HasItems" Value="false">                                <Setter Property="MinHeight" Value="95" TargetName="DropDownBorder" />                            </Trigger>                                                        <Trigger Property="IsGrouping" Value="true">                                <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll" Value="false" />                            </Trigger>                            <Trigger Property="AllowsTransparency" SourceName="Popup" Value="true">                                <Setter Property="Margin" Value="0,2,0,0" TargetName="DropDownBorder" />                            </Trigger>                            <Trigger Property="IsEditable" Value="true">                                <Setter Property="IsTabStop" Value="false" />                                <Setter Property="Visibility" Value="Visible" TargetName="PART_EditableTextBox" />                                <Setter Property="Visibility" Value="Hidden" TargetName="ContentSite" />                            </Trigger>                        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>                    </ControlTemplate>                </Setter.Value>            </Setter>        </Style>



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