使用 IntraWeb (30)

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TIWAppInfo //IntraWeb 12.2.15 开始使用 TIWAppInfo 来获取应用的相关信息, 和 IWServerController、WebApplication 的某些属性有重复

TIWMimeTypes //IntraWeb 14.0.11 新增, 可方便处理 Http Mime Types; Mime 类型? 我的理解是: 浏览器接受到一个文件或数据流, 如果让浏览器解析(而不是下载), 浏览器该按什么类型来解析呢? 所以需要指定类型.

TIWAppCache //IntraWeb 14.0.29 新增, 可以方便处理缓存文件; 之前有类似的功能, 如: IWServerController.NewCacheFile

{三个类提供的都是 class 方法, 使用时无须实例化}



TIWAppInfo 所在单元及继承链:

IW.Common.AppInfo.TIWAppInfo < TObject

主要成员:


class function GetAppFullFileName: string

class function GetAppFileName: string

class function GetAppLogFileName: string

class function GetAppPath: string

class function GetAppName: string

class function GetSystemPath: string

class function GetTempPath: string

class function GetCurrentPath: string

class function GetComputerName: string

class function GetFileInfo(const aFileName: string; aFileInfo: TFileInfo): string

class function GetAppVersion: string



测试:


uses IW.Common.AppInfo;

procedure TIWForm1.IWButton1Click(Sender: TObject);

var

str: string;

i: Integer;

begin

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetAppFullFileName);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetAppFileName);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetAppLogFileName);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetAppPath);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetAppName);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetSystemPath);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetTempPath);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetCurrentPath);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetComputerName);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetAppVersion);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add('===============');

for i := 0 to 9 do

begin

str := TIWAppInfo.GetFileInfo(TIWAppInfo.GetSystemPath + 'NotePad.exe', TFileInfo(i));

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(str);

end;

IWMemo1.Lines.Add('===============');

end;




TIWMimeTypes 所在单元及继承链:

IWMimeTypes.TIWMimeTypes < TObject

主要成员:


class function IsStaticFile(const aFileName: string; out aMimeType: string): Boolean //

class function GetAsString(const aFileExtension: string): string //根据扩展名即可获取类型的标准字符串很方便, 譬如 TIWMimeTypes.GetAsString('.pdf') 将返回 application/pdf

class function GetAsString(const aMimeType: TMimeType): string //TIWMimeTypes.GetAsString(mtPDF) 结果也是 application/pdf

class procedure RegisterType(const aFileExtension: string; const aMimeTypeDesc: string; const aIsStatic: Boolean) //能自行注册

class procedure UnregisterType(const aFileExtension: string) //

{IWMimeTypes.TIWMimeType 枚举的定义}

TIWMimeType = (mtUnknown, mtBinary, mtJPG, mtGIF, mtPNG, mtRSS, mtXML, mtTXT, mtICO, mtHTML, mtJavaScript, mtPDF, mtZIP, mtCSS, mtMP3, mtOGG, mtWAV, mtEXE, mtFlash, mtWMV, mtMOV, mtAVI, mtMPEG, mtXSL);

{IWMimeTypes 单元提供的常用的 Mime 类型常量}

MIME_JPG = 'image/jpeg';

MIME_GIF = 'image/gif';

MIME_PNG = 'image/png';

MIME_RSS = 'application/rss+xml; charset=UTF-8';

MIME_XML = 'text/xml; charset=UTF-8';

MIME_XSL = 'text/xsl; charset=UTF-8';

MIME_TXT = 'text/plain; charset=UTF-8';

MIME_ICO = 'image/x-ico';

MIME_JavaScript = 'application/x-javascript; charset=UTF-8';

MIME_PDF = 'application/pdf';

MIME_CSS = 'text/css; charset=UTF-8';

MIME_MP3 = 'audio/mpeg';

MIME_OGG = 'audio/ogg';

MIME_WAV = 'audio/wav';

MIME_Flash = 'application/x-shockwave-flash';

MIME_WMV = 'video/x-ms-wmv';

MIME_MOV = 'video/quicktime';

MIME_AVI = 'video/x-msvideo';

MIME_MPEG = 'video/mpeg';

MIME_Binary = 'application/octet-stream';

MIME_HTML = 'text/html; charset=UTF-8';

{ 更多不常用的类型可参见: http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/media-types.xhtml }




TIWAppCache 所在单元及继承链:

IWAppCache.TIWAppCache < TObject

主要成员:


{建立缓存流; 如需特别指定第一个参数时, 不如选用下面三个函数}

class procedure NewCacheStream(aOwner: TObject; //建立页面级的缓存要指定当前窗体(一般用 Self); 建立 Session 级缓存可指定 WebApplication; 建立应用级缓存指定 nil

const aContentType: string; //Mime Type 字符串, 如: application/pdf

aCacheType: TCacheType; //缓存期选项:ctOneTime、ctApp、ctSession、ctForm

out ACacheStream: TCacheStream; //输出流

out aFileHRef: string //输出缓存文件地址

)

{建立建立应用级缓存流; 参数 1 将被忽略, 其它同上}

class procedure NewAppCacheStream(aOwner: TObject; const aContentType: string; out ACacheStream: TCacheStream; out aFileHRef: string)

{建立建立 Session 级缓存流; 参数 1 将被忽略, 其它同上}

class procedure NewSessionCacheStream(aOwner: TObject; const aContentType: string; out ACacheStream: TCacheStream; out aFileHRef: string)

{建立建立页面级缓存流; 参数 1 将被忽略, 其它同上}

class procedure NewFormCacheStream(aOwner: TObject; const aContentType: string; out ACacheStream: TCacheStream; out aFileHRef: string)

{保存流到缓存文件}

class function StreamToCacheFile(aOwner: TObject; AStream: TStream; const aContentType: string; const aCacheType: TCacheType): string

{保存图像到缓存文件}

class function GraphicToCacheFile(aOwner: TObject; AGraphic: TGraphic; const aCacheType: TCacheType; const PreferPNG: Boolean): string

class function GraphicToCacheFile(aOwner: TObject; AGraphic: TGraphic; imgType: TIWImageOutput; const aCacheType: TCacheType): string //TIWImageOutput = (ioGIF, ioJPEG, ioPNG)

{保存资源到缓存文件}

class function ResourceToCacheFile(aOwner: TObject; const aResourceName: string; const aContentType: string; const aCacheType: TCacheType): string

{情况缓存}

class function ClearCache(ACacheList: TStrings): Integer

{创建一个临时文件, 位置在用户临时文件夹}

class function NewTempFileName: string

{添加文件到缓存}

class function AddFileToCache(aOwner: TObject; const aFileName: string; const aContentType: string; const aCacheType: TCacheType): string



测试 - 将资源中的图片提取到缓存, 然后呈现出来:



uses IWAppCache, IWServerInternalFiles;

procedure TIWForm1.IWButton1Click(Sender: TObject);

var

fStream: TStream;

fPath: string;

begin

fStream := TIWServerInternalFiles.GetResourceStream('IW_GFX_LogoIntraWeb');

fPath := TIWAppCache.StreamToCacheFile(Self, fStream, 'image/png');

IWImageFile1.ImageFile.Filename := fPath;

fStream.Free;

end;



常用路径:



{获取代码:-------------------------------------------------------}

uses ServerController, IW.Common.AppInfo;

procedure TIWForm1.IWAppFormCreate(Sender: TObject);

begin

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(IWServerController.ContentPath + #9'{IWServerController.ContentPath}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(IWServerController.CacheDir + #9'{IWServerController.CacheDir}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(IWServerController.TemplateDir + #9'{IWServerController.TemplateDir}' + sLineBreak);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(WebApplication.AppUrlBase + #9'{WebApplication.AppUrlBase}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(WebApplication.InternalUrlBase + #9'{WebApplication.InternalUrlBase}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(WebApplication.SessionInternalUrlBase + #9'{WebApplication.SessionInternalUrlBase}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(WebApplication.SessionUrlBase + #9'{WebApplication.SessionUrlBase}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(WebApplication.UserCacheUrlBase + #9'{WebApplication.UserCacheUrlBase}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(WebApplication.ApplicationURL + #9'{WebApplication.ApplicationURL}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(WebApplication.ApplicationPath + #9'{WebApplication.ApplicationPath}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(WebApplication.ReferringURL + #9'{WebApplication.ReferringURL}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(WebApplication.UserCacheDir + #9'{WebApplication.UserCacheDir}' + sLineBreak);

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetAppFullFileName + #9'{TIWAppInfo.GetAppFullFileName}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetAppPath + #9'{TIWAppInfo.GetAppPath}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetAppFileName + #9'{TIWAppInfo.GetAppFileName}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetAppName + #9'{TIWAppInfo.GetAppName}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetTempPath + #9'{TIWAppInfo.GetTempPath}');

IWMemo1.Lines.Add(TIWAppInfo.GetCurrentPath + #9'{TIWAppInfo.GetCurrentPath}');

end;

{参考结果:-------------------------------------------------------}

C:\Users\wy\Documents\RAD Studio\Projects\MyTest6\Win32\Debug\wwwroot\ {IWServerController.ContentPath}

C:\Users\wy\AppData\Local\Temp\01a3ozdw6r\ {IWServerController.CacheDir}

C:\Users\wy\Documents\RAD Studio\Projects\MyTest6\Win32\Debug\Templates\ {IWServerController.TemplateDir}

/ {WebApplication.AppUrlBase}

/$/ {WebApplication.InternalUrlBase}

/$/ {WebApplication.SessionInternalUrlBase}

/ {WebApplication.SessionUrlBase}

/$/MyApp/0pnlkje0r4hi7j19tzrq30eq0k2i/ {WebApplication.UserCacheUrlBase}

http://127.0.0.1:3126 {WebApplication.ApplicationURL}

C:\Users\wy\Documents\RAD Studio\Projects\MyTest6\Win32\Debug\ {WebApplication.ApplicationPath}

http://127.0.0.1:3126/$/start {WebApplication.ReferringURL}

C:\Users\wy\AppData\Local\Temp\01a3ozdw6r\user\0pnlkje0r4hi7j19tzrq30eq0k2i\ {WebApplication.UserCacheDir}

C:\Users\wy\Documents\RAD Studio\Projects\MyTest6\Win32\Debug\MyTest6.exe {TIWAppInfo.GetAppFullFileName}

C:\Users\wy\Documents\RAD Studio\Projects\MyTest6\Win32\Debug\ {TIWAppInfo.GetAppPath}

MyTest6.exe {TIWAppInfo.GetAppFileName}

MyTest6 {TIWAppInfo.GetAppName}

C:\Users\wy\AppData\Local\Temp\ {TIWAppInfo.GetTempPath}

C:\Users\wy\Documents\RAD Studio\Projects\MyTest6\Win32\Debug\ {TIWAppInfo.GetCurrentPath}




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